Groucho Marx once said: “Outside a dog, a book is man’s best friend. Inside a dog, it’s too dark to read.” According to a new book on humor by two cognitive scientists, this joke is funny because our brain anticipated something other than the image of a someone trying to read a book literally inside a dog. “The brain constantly generates presumptions about what will happen next. It calculates where a pedestrian will go, what a speaker will say, how a banana you’re peeling will look under the skin. In short, the brain ‘produc[es] real-time anticipation on all important topics.'” The punch lines of a joke twists the image our brains produce.
Skilled hunters adapted to the changing landscape and left tantalizing clues to who they were.
Ways to move forward when you're wrong and I'm right.
Research suggests that to maintain a healthy brain, we should tend our gut microbiome.