“’Existential problem of the philosopher who did not exist,’ says the Times headline, and indeed Bernard-Henri Lévy might be going through an existential crisis after a massive gaffe in his new book ‘On War in Philosophy’. France’s most dashing philosopher took aim at Immanuel Kant, calling him ‘raving mad’ and a ‘fake’ in his new book, and to support his attack, he cited a little-known 20th century thinker: Jean-Baptiste Botul. The problem: Botul was invented by a journalist in 1999 as an elaborate joke. He even has a Wikipedia page which explains that he is a ‘fictional French philosopher.’ Yet Lévy referred to Botul’s faked book ‘The Sex Life of Emmanuel Kant,’ saying the fictitious philosopher had proved once and for all ‘just after the Second World War in his series of lectures to the neo-Kantians of Paraguay that their hero was an abstract fake, a pure spirit of pure appearance.’ Aude Lancelin, a journalist at Le Nouvel Observateur, says that this was a ‘nuclear gaffe that raises questions about Lévy’s methods.’ She said she burst out laughing when she read the extracts from the book. Indeed, it is a particularly embarrassing episode for the prominent thinker, who was a founding member of the ‘nouvelles philosophes’ movement in the 1970s and is a regular guest on French television talk shows.”
Short-hop regional flights could be running on batteries in a few years.
The artifacts were often made from found objects – an Ivory dish-soap bottle transformed into an earthenware figure.
On New Year’s Eve 1899, the captain of this Pacific steamliner sailed into history. Or did he?