The concept of “Africa” is not strictly European in origin; African leaders have propagated the idea, too.
Question: What do you make of the West’s conception of “Africa”?
Dovey: I mean it’s incredibly problematic and doesn’t . . . doesn’t do justice to the sort of diversity of the continent. On the other hand, a big part of these nationalistic movements and independent movements when a lot of these countries were getting independence from the colonial powers was the sense of an African renaissance. And Mbeki, the South African president, is very much a supporter of this notion of African unity and the African Union. So you know I see that, you know, often the West is doing it in a kind of . . . in a way that’s similar to, you know, Orientalism and lumping together this continent as standing for certain things, and usually very negative things. But on the other hand I do think, you know, a lot of these leaders of these countries have promoted that kind of Pan-African unity. And often that’s been quite harmful because I think, for example, Mbeki has never criticized Mugabe in Zimbabwe. And I think that was because of a kind of Pan-African loyalty where it’s like well, “I won’t point fingers at you if you don’t point fingers at me.” And it’s more like a boys club really. I think it’s corrupt. But I think then Africa can’t, you know, run away crying when the West speaks of it as “Africa”, because in a way that’s been a political movement.